Stone Finishes | Marblex Design International
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Stone Finishes

 

NATURAL STONE GUIDE — Stone Finishes

Most stone applications utilize only one of a few finishes. There are however, over twenty finishes and sometimes they are called by interchangeable names. Here are the most common finishes, many of which are available at MARBLEX:

  • POLISHED
    Most common, mirror gloss with sharp reflections.
  • HONED
    Dull sheen, without reflections, achieved by abrasive heads; degree of honing may vary.
  • ANTIQUED/BRUSHED
    The surface is super heated and then scuffed with wire brushes to achieve a worn look.
  • LEATHER
    Similar to an antique finish, but the sharper edges have been softened through brush polishing creating a very warm, inviting feel to the stone.
  • FLAMED OR THERMAL
    The surface is super heated and then planed down to uniform thickness creating a coarse texture. Ideal for outdoor kitchen usage.
  • TUMBLED
    Method of putting tiles in a mixing container with sand and rotating them, allowing the edges and corners of the tiles to chip.
  • SAWN
    The natural result of gang sawing leaves the surface of the stone open and unpolished. Most commonly seen in sandstone.

LESS COMMON FINISHES INCLUDE:

  • FINE RUBBED
    Smooth and free from scratches; no sheen.
  • WATER-JET
    Gives a more uniform, textured finish and allows more of the natural color to show.
  • SANDBLASTED
    Coarse plane surface produced by blasting an abrasive, allowing a fine-textured finish; may lighten the color.
  • BUSH-HAMMERED
    Coarsely textured surface produced by hammering, and may vary according to the metallic head used, from fine point to very coarse, and may leave high, lighter-colored markings.
  • NATURAL CLEFT
    A cleavage face formed when the stone is split into any thickness.
  • PICKED, HAND-HEWN
    Using a chisel or other metallic object that gives deeper indentations and cleavage to the stone.
  • GAUGED
    Done by a machine, usually with circular abrasives to grind the material to a specific thickness.
  • PLANED
    Usually refers to slate, where a metallic scraper peels a layer of stone, making the stone flat and smoother.
  • ACID WASHED
    Usually applied to a sawn finish to lower the degree of sawn marks showing, yet maintain a natural textured finish.

Usually applied to a sawn finish to lower the degree of sawn marks showing, yet maintain a natural textured finish.
Another surface treatment is called resination. This process involved the application of a very durable, protective layer of resin applied to the surface of granite. This layer is usually heat resistant to 900° Fahrenheit and permanently seals the granite. The process may be performed by hand or machine – the best results are from machine application. Many of MARBLEX’s granites have a resin layer applied.